A Skill That Could Save Your Dog’s Life: Leave It!
In my humble opinion, the “Leave It” command is one of the most important things you can teach your dog! There are just some commands that may someday be invaluable in saving your dog’s life. Coming when called and leaving things on command could potentially be lifesaving.
Imagine you are standing in the kitchen getting your morning prescription medications together for the day, when you drop a couple of pills. What happens if your dog is typically a “Hoover” (floor vacuum-er)? Most human medications can be fatal for your pet. Even Tylenol is lethal for dogs and cats. That moment of panic when pills spill on the floor can be lessened if you teach your dog the “Leave It” command.
When I was training Service Dogs with an organization in Denver, CO I was told “Leave It” meant; do not touch, eat, or even look at the object and that definition has stuck with me. I think some people think it’s okay to at least look at a “Leave It” object but I think that can add difficulty to an already difficult proposal.
A “Leave It” means to completely ignore whatever the item or distraction is from a pill or a hot dog dropped on the floor, to a skateboarder flying past; Leave It means LEAVE IT!
So How Do You Teach “Leave It”?
What You Will Need
- Great Treats
- Mediocre Treats or Dog Food
- A Cheap Canvas 2 Pocket Tool Belt
- A Leash
- A Clicker
- Lots of Patience!
Go and get your dog and put him on a leash and take him to a secluded private place that you can train together. This command needs your full attention at first while he is learning!
I like to use a 2 pocket tool belt (just the cheap canvas kind) for this training. I put my GREAT treats in one side and my mediocre treats or dog food in the other. Utilizing this tool makes it easier for me to access the right treat for the right response.
Keep the leash tight as you take a couple of mediocre treats out and place them on the floor out of your dog’s reach. Make sure he sees you put the treats down and restrict his access to the treats. Do not pop on the leash or correct him, let him strain for the treats but tell him “Leave It”.
Ready your clicker! At first he should look at and strain himself toward the treat, but soon he will get frustrated that he cannot reach them and he will turn and look away from the treats and toward you because he is discouraged. At that moment when he turns and looks away from the treats click and reward him with the GREAT treat!
If he continues to look at you, you can again praise and give a mediocre reward.
Now touch the mediocre treats that are on the floor again or pick them up and put them down again, to get him interested in them once again. As he looks at them, tell him “Leave It” and wait until he ignores them and looks toward you; click and jackpot him for a correct response.
Continue playing this game until he is hardly focused or not focused at all on the mediocre treats.
Once he has grasped the concept, you can move the mediocre treats closer to your dog. Click and jackpot for a good response and continue to try to deny him access to the treats. This may take several sessions and mastery of this command could take much longer, be patient!
Move them closer and closer until he pays no attention at all. He should now realize the GREAT treats come from you, not the floor and that “Leave It” means he will get a better reward if he listens.
Now, you may begin to use better and better treats as your “Leave It” distraction. Until he has completely given up trying to get the “Leave It” treat make the reward that comes from you better than the one you are using as a distraction.
Now that he is completely ignoring the treats you put down, you can use the same treat. He should realize the best in life comes from you not from the floor, or anywhere else.
Next tell him “Leave It” as you hold a treat in one hand. Click and reward with the opposite hand for a good response. He should be able to leave items you are eating or carrying as well as things on the floor.
Now that this game is fun, you can employ the help of family members and friends by having them try to give him a treat but then telling him to “Leave It”. If he is really good, have them toss treats at him in an attempt to get him to make a mistake. This can help for those of you who are afraid your dog may be at risk from poisoning.
Also proof this behavior by putting food on his feet or up his arms. He should be able to ignore any distraction at this point and he should be having a good time knowing that the reward from you will be greater than anything tossed to him or stacked on him!
This should be fun! You are not scaring him from the distraction, you are simply teaching him that YOU are better than anything else. If you employ scare tactics you will likely end up with a dog that only listens while you are right next to him. If however he thinks this is a game and you might be right around the corner with a game or a wonderful treat, he is much more likely to be successful!
Now go have some fun with your dog! This is a great party trick, and essential for safety!