Changes of Behavior and Why I Wish We Were All Detection Dog Handlers

Detection dogs, they still blow my mind!

How can a dog find a miniscule amount of drugs or explosives?

In one study a bedbug detection dog was 97.5% reliable detecting bed bugs and their eggs with 0 false positives while discerning them from ants, cockroaches and termites.  They could detect as few as one adult bedbug or 5 eggs and were also able to discriminate live bedbugs from dead bedbugs, casts, skin and feces with a 95% positive identification, with only 3 false positives on bedbug feces.

Did you know dogs can also smell the presence of blood, even after it has been scrubbed off of a surface?  I guess people should think of that before they think they can clean a crime scene!

For more on detection dogs click this cool link from Wikipedia you’ll be surprised at home many things a dog can find with his nose that you never realized was even possible.

I think a dog’s nose is still one of those mystical things we really don’t understand, and probably won’t for a very long time, if ever.

But I Digress

But I digress, although the canine nose is a superior piece of equipment, I want to focus on what K9 detection dog handlers rely on, so that we too can become more in tuned with our dogs.

A K9 trainer relies on what is called a “Change of Behavior”.   And, although it is really complicated, it is also kind of simple.

A “Change of Behavior” is any change in a dog’s normal countenance or behavior.

It can be as simple as freezing and sniffing purposefully, to changing direction, to something as complicated as all of that with a sit or down as an indicator.

The police officer or K9 handler is waiting for that very first brief change of behavior.

It is that change in a dog’s countenance or simple behaviors that often lead to search warrants and the seizure of illegal materials.

When the handler, who is often called to testify in court, goes to court he needs to be able to explain and sometimes show that minor change in behavior that leads him to believe that the item they are searching for is inside.

And, in most cases it is that, something so simple as a change in behavior that leads to conviction.

Why Do I Wish We Were All Like This?

Sniffing dog at the airportDetection dog handlers have to be so in tuned with their dogs and their dogs behaviors that they notice a slight change.

They aren’t aimlessly walking around the airport and allowing their dogs to show a multitude of behaviors without noticing.  They are watching and waiting for their dogs to hit on a scent.

I find that my clients totally ignore the changes and behaviors in their dogs.

Dragging them toward things they find scary, and forcing them to socialize with dogs or people they are scared of or apprehensive about.

And, that force can cause bites and trauma that could absolutely be avoided.

Because all dogs show these changes of behavior.

This is how dogs try to communicate with us.  They can’t speak to us verbally!

But only a well-tuned owner can notice.

Our dogs notice our minute changes of behavior.

They notice if you tighten the leash, become worried, or fearful.

I had a service dog that was placed with a woman who was afraid of big men.  She would scream if they startled her, especially when they were out and about.

The dog, previous to placement, loved everyone.  But after living with her new owner, developed a dislike and distrust of men.  After all that is what her new mother taught her.  Later she had to be dropped from the program because her owner couldn’t control herself.

The dog was able to pick up the slightest behavior that changed when men came around.

We Need to Be Better Listeners

Depositphotos_10231485_xsImagine if we could be better listeners for our dogs?

Imagine seeing a stiff tail, or ears, or dilated pupils and realizing your dog is not comfortable and being able to get him out of that situation.

Just like a dog that is excited he has hit on a certain scent (and knows his toy is on it’s way), a dog that is nervous, fearful, uncomfortable, or aggressive will also show signs.

Nothing Happens “Without Warning”

Nothing, well almost nothing, happens without some kind of warning.

99% of dogs have some kind of warning signal the other 1% aren’t normal or have extenuating circumstances like a seizure disorder.

The problem is we don’t hear or see the things they are desperately trying to tell us.

Or we write it off because we don’t want to believe that our dog, the thing that we love with all our hearts, can show aggression (although this has nothing to do with you).  You are much better off to tackle the problem when you see it than to ignore it and pray it goes away.

You don’t know how many people say to me
“There was no warning, he has never bitten before”,  “I mean he growls at my daughter when he is eating, but he has never bitten before”.

  • A growl
    This Face Looks Nervous to Me

    This Face Looks Nervous to Me

  • A hackle
  • A stare
  • Dilated pupils
  • Seeing the whites of the eyes
  • A freeze in behavior
  • Trying to get away
  • Averting all eye contact
  • A snarl
  • Flat ears
  • Tail stance

And, these are just some of the minute signs that your dog is uncomfortable.  Often several of these signs go together and paint more of a visual picture.

But I can spot a nervous, or aggressive dog almost in an instant.

I have trained myself, like the K9 handler, to notice miniscule changes of behavior to keep myself safe.

Dogs and their behavior can change immediately, and I like to avoid scaring dogs and getting bitten.

I also like to see the moment my dog sees something (think squirrel) and gets over excited.

You see it isn’t all about avoiding the horrible things like fears and bites (although this is crucial for living with these kinds of dogs), it is also important to recognize before your dog gets excited and tears your rotator cuff.

  • Or jumps up on you
  • Or goes to chase the cat
  • Or thinks about chewing your sofa….

Changes of behavior come in many form.

If my dog sniffs the sofa, or the toilet paper, he is going to get a firm “leave it” BEFORE he eats it.

If my dogs ears lift and he stares toward a field, he is going to get a firm “leave it” and I am going to brace myself, because I know that is his way of saying “There is something exciting over there”.  And, I might not be able to see the squirrel or deer or armed gunman, but I know something is going on over there.

It is Worth It

You don’t have to be a K9 handler or a dog trainer to notice a change in behavior.

There is no specific recipe.

You just watch and pay attention to your dog and notice what he is telling you with his body language.

He learns our verbal language, it is the least we can do to watch and understand his language and what he is trying to teach us as well.

And, you can save your back, and your rotator cuff, and your hands and your face and keep yourself from being bitten.

Any change in normal behavior makes me stop and listen, to my dogs, to other dogs in my environment and to my client’s dogs.

It also allows me to better notice when I have a sick dog.

Some changes in behavior indicate disease and other health issues that can only be addressed by your veterinarian.

It is one of the things that helps me to speak to the animals, and be a better owner and trainer.

No I am not waiting for the bad behavior to show up so I can correct it or fix it.

I am looking to stop the bad behaviors from happening at all!

And, getting my timing right on telling my dog what to do instead!

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  1. Sam Ivy says:

    This is a great post because not only is it full of information for owners to not get hurt, it is putting the best interests of the dogs at the forefront. We can all use reminders to hone our observation skills, especially since dogs communicate through body language, and we typically ignore most of what they are saying. Thank you for this reminder. I am sure the dogs thank you as well. 🙂


    Minette Reply:

    Thank you Sam 🙂


  2. This was very helpful in in that the subtleties are there we just need to pay attention. Pam


  3. Lynn W. Jackson says:

    Great reminder for all dog owners — thank you! We all need to pay such close attention to our dog’s / dogs’ body language and the slightest change. Even the most well-behaved dog is not perfect and it is our responsibility to remain in tune with our pet at ALL times.

    One request: Please post this a little more often!!


  4. Maria Leingang says:

    Good article. I am currently using your training video on eye focus when we go for our walks. I have noticed she now whines when she senses another dog before she stats her usual Pulling and growling. I’ve been able to prevent the growling but not the whining, what does it mean and what should I do? Thanks four all the articles you write.


    Minette Reply:

    And, thank you for thanking me 🙂 I truly appreciate that 🙂

    I am glad to have helped in some way.


    Lyn Reedy Reply:

    Thanks for your wonderful and informative article. I have a puppy that is now in special training for fear. Today we will once again go to our local petco store and just walk an mingle with other dogs and people. Oddly it’s people I must ask not to approach my dog. I watch and listen to my dogs cues for the most part but am learning more by your arrival. Progress and going forward for a happy and healthy dog is my goal.


    Minette Reply:

    I would work on eye contact and focus and read this, I think it will help you

    and we are having a new fear video program that will come out soon and has great recipes to help dogs with fears. email Dana at customer service at to get on the list for that class. I think it will make a world of difference.

  5. Maria Leingang says:

    Good article. I have used seveal of your training videos. I am currently working with one of my dogs who has dog aggression issues. The eye focus program has helped. When we are out she now starts to whine when she senses a dog before she goes cra cra. If I sees anther dog I usually able to calm her and refocus but not sure to do when she whines. Any suggestions would be appreciated. I’m using the same techniques as if she is aggressive. Thanks.


    Minette Reply:

    This is the perfect article then. I am certain that there are “behavior changes” as she is sensing another dog. Smelling the air, freezing in her tracks, staring… whatever it is for her. Tune into her behaviors and pay attention. If you must, take her to a place where you know there is another dog (behind a fence) and wait until you see that initial change of behavior so that you can tune your senses to hers.

    If she whines, turn around and go the other way.

    Many times dogs with aggression issues feed off of the actual fun of aggression. So if she whines and growls she is feeding her own fire.

    She undoubtedly wants to see the other dog, so if the punishment for whining is immediately going in another direction she will learn to contain herself, if what she wants is really to see other dogs. Think of that as a privilege that she has to work for, if she is good she can look if she is not, then she can’t.

    I have a dog that wants to chase cars, especially when it is dark and she is in my car and she sees headlights pass. If she goes into “chase mode” with dilated pupils and dashing in the back seat… I make her lay down so she can’t really see them. She loses that privilege.

    She wants to watch them… so she has learned if she controls herself she gets to, but as soon as she loses control she loses that privilege.

    You just must be as consistent as you can.


    Maria Leingang Reply:

    Sorry for the double comments, tech difficulty. And thanks for responding.


    Minette Reply:

    No problem 🙂

    Maria Leingang Reply:

    Thanks, it is working. What about when another dog ribs up because the are off leash. It happened yesterday and I fell. I had both of mine on leashes. I saw the dog and was correcting mine when he came at us. He wasn’t aggressive just curious. I asked them to leash him. They haven’t so I let my apt manager know, it’s a complex rule and city ordinance. how do I correct them in that instance? I tried to leave but he followed. Thanks.


    Minette Reply:

    You command your dogs so they give you better chance to move around. I tell my dogs down and stay and then I threaten the impending dog with pepper spray and put the owners on notification that I am not kidding and will spray their dogs if they can’t get control.

  6. Noreen Reist says:

    Great post! One question – you tell us what you do if your dog shows excited behavior (leave it, command), but what do you do if your dog shows fear/anxiety behavior? Say you’re out on a walk in town and the hackles go up? Turn around and go the other way?


    Minette Reply:

    Yes, and I use the leave it.

    Leave it isn’t an emotional command or even one for horrifying behavior, it is just a command to let the dog know they don’t have to be excited or fearful or aggressive.

    Leave it means don’t even look at it, then I can give another command to help them do something more productive and forget whatever is bothering them 🙂

    Also, our fear program will come out soon and it has some great things that help dogs to fears to feel more comfortable in their environment and in their own skin!


  7. Stephan Lentz says:

    Thanks for the write up. I love reading about the amazing abilities of our 4 legged friends when it comes to scent detection.
    Comet, my best little buddy, and I have been helping folks for about 5 years sniffing out bed bugs. His “tell” is sitting and nodding his nose toward the hit. He’s a great focused dog and super high energy.
    Keep the articals coming… We can all use more info to keep us in tune with our friends.


    Minette Reply:

    Thank you 🙂 and thanks for helping rid the world of bed bugs.

    I got a puppy with pano a year or so ago who was returned to the breeder but had supposedly been fully trained on bed bugs… I think not 😉 hahaha but soon he may be trained on narcotics 🙂


  8. Beth A davis says:

    Awesome! Always enjoy a good artical on dogs and how to understand them. Thank you for posting this. Very informative and great reminder to all of us who own and love dogs.


  9. Barbara says:

    This is an awesome article. Recently I ran of my Fluffy’s food and, since she had treats, I gave her some extra, with plans on picking up her food 1st thing in the morning. I was approaching her about 10 pm and noticed something was “off” about her. I studied her body – how she was positioned and the tension she was showing. The closer I got the more I realized she had something under her paw. I KNEW I would get bit if I went any closer. This is a dog that was attacked twice and never defended herself. She does NOT understand dog aggression. So, anything is possible given the right circumstances. I carefully got her to release the items, something from the trash, by offering her some bread crust with a dab of garlic butter to entice her. OBSERVATION SAVES TRIPS TO THE ER, even with dogs that “only lick” like my Eskie, Fluffy.


  10. James Carradine Sr. says:

    I was able to teach my Rottie 4years ago while I was still able to walk. He passed away and I now have a 2 yr. old that I can’t do the same traing with as I don’t walk. She is lacking because of me. She is smart as all my Rotts have been this past 30 yrs. I try to listen to her as did my others because they are smarter than we know. Youe article was a great reminder. Thank You
    Jim Carradine


    Minette Reply:

    I have trained service dogs on and off my whole career.

    You can use a wheelchair, a scooter or whatever else to get out and get him exercise and make him run and expel energy.

    If he doesn’t listen take his space a bit with your chair or make sure he has a time out so that he learns to listen!


  11. Thank you again Minette for another insightful article. I too believe we must learn to listen to dogs with our eyes. Their actions are sometimes very subtle and it does take some practice to read them. Not all actions mean the same thing all the time either. Thanks again. Sheryl


  12. Mary B. says:

    Very interesting article. I have a 5 yr old Lab. Great dog, smart, loves people, goes to the dog park daily and, with the exception of a few dogs, can take them or leave them. OCD about retrieving. Am training him in obedience and agility. Due to his retrieving and jumping, he is very strong, 100 lbs, so hanging on to him is impossible. He was neutered at about 16 mo. My problem is that he is reactive toward young, un-neutered males which started about the time he turned two. Very aggressive. I try to avoid dogs I know or believe aren’t neutered. But this has also kept me out of the show ring because I don’t know if we’ll run into an un-neutered male as was the case about 3 years ago. My solutions have been to work with a trainer who deals with aggressive dogs, use a dominant dog collar while obedience training and an e-collar at the park plus redirection and avoidance of young dogs. Suggestions?


    Minette Reply:

    Yes, I am not a fan of corrections and shocking. You realize you are causing pain to him for something he already doesn’t like?

    He doesn’t like unneutered dogs, so you are adding shock and pain to something he already doesn’t like or is aggressive toward. So what happens if you don’t have the ecollar sometime, or it doesn’t work, or it makes him more aggressive? There is usually a fine line, high enough to work, not too high or it incites panic, redirect, and serious aggression.

    That is never a risk I am willing to let my clients make. I have seen some of these dogs redirect and bite their owners, severely.

    I personally would teach my dog a coping skill and an incompatible behavior. I teach my dogs to give me eye contact and focus so they can’t pay attention to another dog, they are too busy looking at and watching me as I heel with them. Read this

    I have a dog that doesn’t care for other dogs, so I would NEVER take him to a dog park and risk a serious fight. You could be sued for everything you own if someone finds out you know your dog is aggressive in certain situations (as you admit here) and you still knowingly take him to dog parks where he could kill or be killed by an intact dog. Let’s admit you can’t control what dogs come and go, so you are risking a fight every time you go.

    I ask my dog to watch me, and then he doesn’t pay attention to other dogs, he just ignores then and stares at me. So we can heel past them even in large groups and he is too busy waiting for his toy and for me to play with him.

    He isn’t worried I am going to shock him, or correct him or use a prong collar, so he doesn’t need to worry or panic when he sees another dog. He knows if he looks up at me and listens he will get what he wants (the toy, treat and play) it is a win win for him.

    He also knows I am not going to force him to interact, if he gives me eye contact that is as close to the other dog as he is going to get. He knows I won’t let another dog pounce him or get in his space, so he doesn’t have to worry about defending himself or his space, that is my job.

    So I have completely taken out the conflict. Everything he gets is what he wants, so I don’t have to worry that he isn’t going to listen.

    By using a shock collar and dominant dog collar you are creating conflict, probably in places where it didn’t even exist before and you are risking teaching him to hate all dogs because I am certain he has no idea why he gets shocked for some behaviors and some dogs but not others.

    Imagine I shock you every time you see a black cat. And, there are black cats all over the place; you never know when we will see one.

    Would you panic at first when you saw a black cat? At first probably yes, then you might get aggressive on sight just because you don’t want to be shocked.

    All of that creates conflict, and conflict creates mistrust.

    I win because I avoid conflict and my dog thinks he is in charge of training and gets rewarded for exactly what I want.


  13. Lynda Dunn says:

    I’m new to dogs. I found my boy abandoned. He’s an amstaff type. I found him aged about 5 months. He’s 10 months now. He’s intelligent, loving and playfull. He likes kids and other dogs. I’ve noticed that when he wants to show or ask if it’s ok to come near he’s lays his ears and his tail is wagging and his body too. He loves to sit right close up to the kid and get a quick lick in. Am I reading him right?


    Minette Reply:

    Probably, although without seeing a specific behavior myself it is hard to know exactly. Dog behavior can be very simple or very complex and the more you watch the more you’ll learn.


  14. Allyson Mead says:

    Thank you for your great reminders of various aspects of our dogs’ behaviour. It is easy to “forget” over the years of dog owning.x


  15. Joan Beard says:

    Our Labradoodle is about two years old. She has been to groomers and never had a problem( except for poodle like grooming). Recently we had a mobile groomer come to our home. She entered the house with a “ear flap cap” on (winter) and the dog barked at her and then started growling(which she has never done), no hackles raised, the groomer sat and took off her hat and after a few minutes took the dog’s leash so Loopie had to stay fairly close. Loopie stood and growled – facing away from the groomer. After several minutes of the groomer and I talking, with her saying a little to Loopie such as ” isn’t that right Loopie” or such, Loopie sat and eventually laid down. Constant low growl like a protest and facing away. Never has done this before. Then the groomer went out to set up in her trailer, came back in and took the leash and off they went…..Loopie was a little hesitant, and the groomer would talk to her and gently walk on. When they returned in about two hours, no growling, and tail wagging. Best job of grooming and she looked like a Labradoodle, not poodle. No growling, just normal behavior of a happy pup. The groomer said Loopie was just grumbling and nothing to worry about. Loopie did delight in playing vigorously with the little scarf the groomer put on her(shaking it and throwing in the air). Groomer coming back next week (after 1 month). Should I be concerned with this behavior. She would not even take a treat to redirect.


    Minette Reply:

    I certainly would be. Anytime a dog is showing aggression like this they are trying to tell us something, and if we don’t listen sometimes they have to escalate the aggression.

    I also deal with a lot of clients who have dogs who bite and then all the legal ramifications.

    I would be very cautious and listen to what your dog is trying to tell you.


    Joan Beard Reply:

    Thank you, Groomer returns in two days and I will monitor behavior closely. Think I will take puppy outside to greet her in a more neutral area. Nice to know I wasn’t being overly worried and that there maybe a problem! Love your programs! Very great training methods! I recommend to many people!


  16. Carol Parks Robinson says:

    I have a 14 year old Beagle. I was diagnosed 4 yrs ago with a very aggressive ,letahl , and recurring breast cancer. Just before I was diagnosed my Beagle started sniffing me and staying with me more than usual. I believe she smelled the cancer on me.
    Just about a month ago the cancer was back….. My beagle once again stays with me and does some sniffing althou not as much sniffing as before. She is my rock.


  17. Jim says:

    I have an 8 yr old labradoodle that was recently certified for pet therapy.
    We visit a number of nursing homes in which the patients are often confused and/or angry as a result of recent strokes or illnesses. Recognizing my dogs changes in behavior has resulted in a tremendous improvement in the level of communication between my dog and I. Often my dog will be confronted by a patient with contradicted behavior. They may be saying “good girl” but their tone and body language signals anger.
    Instead of walking up to these clients my dog takes a step back (something she seldom does – thus a change in behavior). I acknowledge her message by saying her name or making a slight noise such as “psst”. My god then looks at me and I can nod my head or point with my fingers where I want her to move to. Either closer to the client or behind me. I no longer need to give her a verbal command or a tug on the lease. Both the dog and I are now communicating on a non-verbal level, which most people are totally unaware of. We communicate this way even when we are not visiting the nursing homes.It makes traveling with my dog much easier, even in crowded environments. Since beginning pet therapy I am now more aware om my dogs signals or changes in behavior and she in turn focuses more on me and the non-verbal signals I now send her.


  18. LeClaire Arcadia says:

    I am about to move into a house where an untrained puppy German Shepherd lives as well. Though I am not the primary caregiver, there needs to be a healthy retionship established. The first time I meet her, what could her owner do? What should I do? I thoughroughly behold training as necessary – I’ve been through training with Bichons – an entirely different breed.

    I will be visiting them long enough to establish myself with this dog (Michonne) and would actually offer to help train her as I now have the time and the owners don’t. Is it possible to become the alpha dog with a nearly full-sized Shepherd? I have so many questions about this process, I don’t know where to begin…starting with the first meeting.


    Minette Reply:

    I always carry cheese in my pockets. Just one sleeve of string cheese can be torn into many many small rewards. Most dogs love cheese and the person who brings it. This will establish you as fun.

    Then ask the owners, how they train, what they train, see if you can go to classes together or if you can work together at home, because consistency is the key


  19. Terry says:

    Good article. Reinforces my confidence in my DS, Sammie. I live in a remote area of upstate NY. Sammie definitely communicates with her body language. We are surrounded with coyotes. When I take Sammie out at night to potty, on the leash and she is relaxed all is well. There are times when she stops short, nose in the air, turns and looks at me with “the look” you describe, I know something is around. I take a step and she walks to the door. I follow her lead. When Sammie “talks” I listen. Today we were headed outside for a walk and she stopped short, nose in the air and wanted to go back home. Sure enough..2 coyotes were crossing the bay from the island on the ice far enough away and I did not see them. We had a snow owl in the back yard just catching his lunch. I was in the room down the hall when she kept running down the hall barking, turning and running back to the window until I followed her. The owl looked huge with wings spread. Told her she was a good girl and it was ok. Pet and praised her. She was happy, enjoyed the praise knew everything was ok and settled down. She’s a great dog!


  20. Shirley says:

    I love your blogs and the way you train. Thank you for sharing so very much. I am almost 69 yr old and my husband and I breed show Shelties for almost 25 years, only a couple of litters at most a year. My husband did the obedience training the only way it was offered in the 60s and 70s but Shelties are gentle people pleasers willing to learn but shy if not socialized enough. Now my husband has passed and I live with my youngest son. I have ab Yorkie and he has a Bull Terrier. I love her but she is barely a year old and I am in constant danger of being knocked over by her love and enthusiasm. It’s a little scary. That is what brought me to you. I love your training methods but am not sure I have the energy or stamina to hold up to the job. My so is big and strong and I think he kind of likes her strength. They like to play together with a foam football mostly. However my son has very little time and does not want to deal with her training but says I can do what I want. If it wasn’t so expensive I would like to find someone to train her for us. Well, again, thank you so very much.


    Minette Reply:

    Carry a fanny pack and some treats, then teach her to sit when she comes to you or lay down. She can’t jump on you and sit and by having treats on you all the time (in the beginning) you will condition her that coming to sit or coming to down is what you want.


  21. Barbara says:

    You are so on point. This actually happened to me years ago.
    I had two boys & a beautiful german shepard whom we loved dearly. We were watching tv one night & I noticed that Samantha was acting strangely. She seemed a little “antsy” & came and laid down near me. I started petting her & she would quiver every once in a while. And then something happened that I will never forget….she just went sort of stiff for about 5 seconds! But, that was all it took. I KNEW that she was in big trouble. I stayed up with her all night & rushed her to the vet as soon as they opened (they didn’t have emergency all night vets at that time).
    After examining her, he told me that her uterus was septic & needed to be surgically removed. It was quite expensive & he told me that I could probably wait a few days to get the money together, but, her stiffening up like that the night before told me differently.
    I asked the vet to please operate on her that day & handed him the rent money that I was holding for our landlord. The vet could see how difficult this was for me, & again, told me that I could probably wait a few days as Samantha didn’t seem to be in extreme pain. But, I listened to my dog & just handed him all the money & asked him to please operate.
    He called me, personally, when he was done operating to let me know that she came through fine & they would keep her for a day or two to monitor her.
    Then he told me, that if he had not operated on her that morning, I would have lost her. He said that even he did not realize how bad she was until he got inside. He told me her uterus was 2 1/2 times larger than normal because of the infection. He seemed amazed & said he had never seen anything like it. He asked me if I would mind if he kept the uterus for medical research & I gladly told him that he could do whatever he wanted with it. I thanked him profusely & sincerely for saving our girl.
    He told me we were very lucky, but, I know it wasn’t luck. I just paid attention to what Samantha was trying to tell me. She was saying “please help me. I’m in trouble”.
    Thank God I listened. We were all together for anothet 9 years before she was called home. I know we’ll be together again, eventually.
    Just fyi, my landlord was more than understanding & gave me time to get his rent for him. Best landlord I ever had.


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